The average American family uses 50 to 70 gallons of water indoors each day. Installing water saving plumbing devices is one of the best ways to conserve water and save money. Water saving plumbing devices are inexpensive and can be installed by a seasoned do-it-yourselfer.
Low Flow Shower Heads
Three quarters of all indoor water usage is in the bathroom. Low flow shower heads can help reduce that amount. Low flow shower heads are a great way to limit the water flow from your shower head. They deliver less gallons per minute (gpm) of water than conventional shower heads. The amount of water delivered from a shower head depends upon the gpm and the pounds per square inch (psi). The standard water pressure level in homes is 80 psi. This is a high pressure level and delivers a large amount of water through a shower head. Low flow shower heads help by decreasing the amount of water, while remaining at the same water pressure level. Conventional showerheads deliver 5-8 gallons per minute. Low flow showerheads deliver about 2.5 gpm. There are some new low flow showerheads on the market which deliver as low as 1.5 gpm. If you are not a seasoned DIY'er, then you may want to have a professional plumber install it for you.
Faucet aerators look like tiny screens and come installed with most faucets. Faucet aerators decrease the amount of water flowing out from the faucet and can be installed in kitchen and bathroom faucets. Without an aerator, the water comes out in a gushing-type flow. An aerator spreads the flow, which saves water. Not all faucets are installed with water-saving aerators. A water saving aerator is rated 2.75 gpm. The rated flow should be imprinted on the side of the faucet. Faucet aerators are simple to install and cost about $10.
Dual-flush Toilet Switch
In the average U.S. home, the toilet accounts for 28% of water use. Dual-flush toilets are a wonderful new water saving item available to homeowners which can help reduce the amount of water used for toilet flushing. However, if you are not in the market for a new toilet, there are ways by which you can benefit fro the water saving capabilities of a dual-flush toilet. Several products, such as the Perfect Flush Adapter can turn a conventional toilet into a dual-flush toilet. The Perfect Flush Adapter costs about $100. Installation is simple and requires three steps: attaching a T-valve, positioning the lifter and adjusting the flush volume.
A toilet sink is not as unsanitary as it sounds. Gaiam sells a toilet sink lid that gets installed over a conventional toilet. According to Gaiam, "Clean water that would otherwise go straight down the toilet is first routed up through a chrome gooseneck spigot to dispense pure water for hand washing." The toilet sink lid costs under $100.
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